Arrival in kathmandu and transfer to Hotel,(which is close to the multitude of shopping centers and restaurants).
Mt. Amadablam(6856m) is a gorgeous mountain, located almost due south of Mt. Everest and Mt. Lhotse from the Khumbu area. Ama Dablam, the"Jewel of the Khumbu", is nestled in the clouds over the Tengboche monastery, at the heart of the Sherpa homeland.
Our acclimatization program is initiated in villages of Khumbu that provides you the chance of spending some time at the houses of Sherpas and find out about the culture of those individuals. Mount Amadablam creates an enduring impression on a lot of trekkers in Nepal because it's possibly the most breathtaking mountain across the popular hiking route to Everest Base Camp.
We all following the coveted SW ridge path, a specialized path with three decks over base camp. The climbing on the road involves pure rock climbing exquisite granite followed by mixed snow and rock climbing. The upper section to the summit involves ice scaling followed with a very long steep snow slope around the summit.
The journey begins from Lukla, from where travelers will have to follow the footsteps of famous mountaineers in order to reach the destination – Everest Base Camp. The trail will take travelers through some of the most beautiful mountain sceneries in the world and villages full of rich culture.
Some of the names include Lukla, Phakding, Namche Bazaar, Khumjung, Tengboche monastery, Pangboche, Dingboche, Lobuche, Gorakshep, Kala Patthar, and Khumbu glacier before one can reach the Base Camp.
On the journey, you will also get to meet many villages set against jagged and soaring pinnacles. There are walk trails that are lined and engraved with Tibetan Buddhist prayers, also known as the Mani stones. You can also discover the remote mountain monasteries and learn more about the spiritual perspective of the Sherpas and the hilly regions where they are known to dwell.
After the climb, you will follow the same route by Tengboche, Namche Bazaar and Lukla to Kathmandu.
Arrival in kathmandu and transfer to Hotel,(which is close to the multitude of shopping centers and restaurants).
After breakfast, You will be met by our tour guide for sightseeing tour of 4 different UNESCO Heritage sites of Kathmandu Valley. Our first destination is Swoyambhunath (Monkey temple). This place offers a view of the entire Kathmandu valley. Stupa of Swoyambhunath epitomizes Buddhism. Your guide will highlight you with detailed historical and cultural background about the place. Then you will be visiting Kathmandu Durbar square where you can visit Living goddess home, Old Royal palace and Kastamandap temple etc. Our next sightseeing will be at Boudhanath (the Largest Buddhist Stupa in world). This is very quiet and beautiful among them. We will take Lunch here, then we will visit Pasupatinath temple, the cremation center for Hindus. We will be back to Hotel. Free afternoon.
Arrangement of expedition papers and gears.
fly out 25 minutes early in the morning with the breath taking view of mountains on the northern side. It is better if you sit on the left side. Lukla is big town with Many Hotels, shopping centers and restaurants. You will meet the trek staffs as porters, kitchen crews or jopkeys at Lukla for supporting the trek. We walk through the town passing the Mane walls and descending to the beautiful sherpa village ChauriKharka. This is very busy trail, passing pack animals, trekkers, locals and trekking crews. Once you fly out from Kathmandu, the land of the Sherpas and everything in it are fresh and new. Representation of Tibetan Buddhism can be seen to Phakding, and along the road run long stone fences that keep the cattle from intruding. We cross 2 suspension bridges before ThadoKoshi and the first view of KusumKangaru Mountain seen from there. The trail gradually climbs up now along the Ghat village. We see very beautiful chortens, colorful Mane stones and monastery. We descend again to the riverbed of the DudhKoshi, comes Phakding.
From Phakding, walk forward at a higher altitude on a road that winds through natural forests of pines and cedars crossing many small streams along the right bank of the DudhKoshi river. Far up the valley, the snowy peak of Thamserku (6608m)can be seen. Crossing the suspension bridge over the DudhKoshi river at Benkar, climb up little passing Chhumoa, we arrive at Monjo. There is the entrance of the Sagarmatha national park, the entrance fee is collected or checked when we pay from Kathmandu. When we cross a long suspension bridge and take the road along the left bank, Jorsale lies ahead. From here you enter a forested mountainside and rocky area. After crossing high, winding path you descend to the riverbed of this V shaped valley, the river forks in the right is DudhKoshi and one the left is Bhotekhosi that leads to Nangpa La. Crossing the highest bridge over the DudhKoshi the trail zigzags uphill, you emerge to a ridge of TopDanda, offers a excellent view of the Mt. Everest(8848m) and Lhotse(8516m). The climb eases somewhat, and Namche Bazaar appears ahead as you travel along the path surrounded by pine forests. Namche bazaar is surrounded by Mountains in 3 sides and open facing to Bhotekoshi on the south. It is Biggest town in the Khumbu valley is a central hub.
Today visit to the view point at National park headquarter in the morning to see the view of Mt. Everest, Lhotse, Nuptse, Amadablam and many other snowy mountains as well visiting the National park museum & hike to Everest View Hotel(3860m)can be done.
We walk down to Sanasa,there is trail junction leading left to the Gokyo valley and right to the Everest base camp. Descend passing teahouses and pine forests, cross the wooden bridge over DudhKoshi and arrive Phunki Tenga for Hot Lunch. After Phunki Tenga, it is long climb to Tengboche; the first half is especially steep. As you climb through the blue pine and Rhododendron forests. Continue climb the Mountain diagonally until come to a stone gate, which marks you arrive at Tengboche. It is a large plateau and in front is the splendid monastery, where you camp or stay in the Guesthouse. Tengboche is the biggest monastery in this Khumbu area about 50 monks and one of the best place for the sunset views over Himalaya.(5-6 hours walk).
Descend a Rhododendron covered area to emerge to a pleasant level area of Dibuche. Pass the long Mane walls and there is a nunnery. Walk a while and cross the bridge over Imja Khola. Climb up on mountain side looking up at AmaDablam (6812m), Kangtega and Thamserku on the opposite bank. As you ascend the chorten lined area, take the level path to Pangboche, village of famous climbers. Pass through the village and cross a stream, the path leads to a rocky area following the high steep hills. Climbing from here, the hills open up. The Lhotse(8516m)can be seen up ahead, becomes more formidable as we approach at Base Camp.
Trek back to Namche Bazzar.(same way)
Trek back to Lukla through phakding.(same way)
Fly back to Kathmandu and transfer to hotel.
Free day in Kathmandu and prepation for final departure.
Transfer to international airport & fly back home.
Nepal Entry Visa Procedures
Foreigners who intend to visit Nepal must hold valid Passport(6 months) or any travel documents equivalent to a passport issued by the government for visiting a foreign country.
You can obtain the Nepal visa upon arrival at Tribhuvan international airport, Kathmandu. And you can apply for the Nepal visa online now. The application for the tourist visa has to be filled and submitted through this link of Nepal Immigration, www.online.nepalimmigration.gov.np/tourist-visa.
Please bring the printed copy and show them at the immigration in Kathmandu with the visa fees and 2 copies of passport sized photos. US$ 25 or equivalent foreign currency for 15 days multiple entry visa, US$ 40 or equivalent foreign currency for 30 days multiple entry visas. We suggest you take cash in hand. If you haven’t applied for the online visa then visa form will be provided during your flight to Nepal.
Note: Free Visa for Chinese citizens including HKSAR Passport holders.
Nepal Trekking Season’s
The two most pleasant seasons for trekking in Nepal are spring and autumn. The spring season is considered to be March to May. During the spring months, flowers are in bloom in the forests so it can be quite beautiful though it can also be a bit cloudy, especially in the afternoon. Autumn season is considered September through November. In autumn season you will get the best mountain views, with clear skies usually all day long. The fall season is slightly cooler with average temperatures. December is also generally the driest month of the year. Trekking in Nepal is possible at any time of the year.
It is worth remembering that we will get 75 percent of annual rainfall from the mid-June through the August. This period is considered as the monsoon season. Winter in Nepal is considered December through February. These months are the coldest in temperatures depending on where you are. At higher altitudes in the Himalayas temperatures will drop below freezing and it can be extremely cold at night.
A Typical Day of the Trekking
The trekking day begins early at around 6.30AM in the morning with a cup of wake up tea. Before breakfast, pack your duffel bag which is carried by porters by keeping some essential things in your daypack. After breakfast, we are usually starting the good morning walk. After 3-4 hrs walking, we stop for lunch. Allowing about 1 - 2 hours for lunch break then we continue the walk to the destination where we stay overnight.
We reach the teahouse/camp by afternoon, as the afternoon walk is generally shorter than the morning. Check in the room and having afternoon tea, side trips or other activities are generally organized. You can spend the afternoon as you wish then meet for dinner around 7 PM and sleep.
Geography of Nepal
Nepal covers the land area of 147,181 sqkm, stretching 800 km from east to west and 90 to 230 km from north to south. Nepal is land-locked between China (including the Chinese autonomous region of Tibet) and India. Nepal has three geographic regions; the mountainous Himalayan belt (including 8 of the 14 highest mountain peaks in the world), the hill region and the plains region.
Nepal contains the greatest altitude variation on earth, from the lowland Terai, at almost sea-level to Mount Everest at 8848 meters. Nepal is divided into seven states and seventy-seven districts. Where the high Himalayas occupy 16% of the total land area of Nepal with elevation ranging from 4,000 m to above 8,848 m. This region accommodates the eight of the highest peaks in the world; Mt. Everest (8848 m), Kanchenjunga (8586 m), Lhotse (8516 m), Cho You (8201 m), Dhaulagiri (8167 m), Makalu (8463 m), Manaslu (8163 m) and Annapurna I (8091 m).
Currency in Nepal
Nepali Rupee notes come in Rupees 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500, 1000 denominations. Coins come in Rs. 1, 2 and 5 denominations. Foreign currencies must be exchanged only through banks or authorized money exchangers. Banks are usually open from 09.30 am to 3:00 pm Sundays through Thursdays and from 10.00 am to 1:00 pm on Fridays. Saturdays are closed.
Credit Cards: All major cards are accepted for tourist services. There is usually a 4% mark-up on top of the price.
Effects of Global Warming & Climate Change
Nepal is one of the most vulnerable countries in South Asia to climate change, yet it has limited capacity to address the impacts of climate change or to take advantage of the opportunities. It has a highly variable climate and fragile ecosystems. The Himalayan glaciers are retreating faster than any other major body of ice.
With climate change, climate variability, a driver of poverty in a country where 60% of the population is reliant on agriculture, will only increase. The monsoon rains are already more intense, but of shorter duration, and are arriving later, which has a devastating impact on the rice fields.
The Greater Himalaya region is the water tower of Asia. Nepal sits at a strategic point, in the headwaters of the Ganges basin. 500 million people live in this basin, which is one of the most flood-prone in the world. Currently, Nepal's Himalayan Rivers supply 70% of the dry season water in the Ganges and 30% of the peak flood waters.
Nepal's potential for hydropower is 100 times its existing energy use. Current development of rivers is sub-optimal, focusing solely on hydro rather than also storing water in the summer to use for irrigation during the rest of the year and reduce flooding.
Clothing in Nepal
From April to the end of September, it is warm in Kathmandu. In Nepal clothing for traveling purpose should be comfortable and lightweight. You can also wear longer shorts provided that it is weather-friendly. In the months of October to the end of March, days are usually warm and evenings are cool. Put on your summer clothes during the day time but in the evening and night, it is advisable to carry a light jacket. Winter season starts from December to February. One must be equipped with sufficient winter wears like down jackets, sweaters, trousers etc to stay protected from the cold. In accordance with Nepali weather, you can have your clothes well-packed in your luggage or you can also purchase clothes of your choice and needs from the clothing stores in Kathmandu.
Health Issues Regarding Altitude Sickness
Those in good health should have no difficulty traveling to Nepal. But people with health conditions including asthma, diabetes, high blood pressure, epilepsy, and cardiac problems should seek a doctor’s approval before planning a trip to Nepal.
Trekking and Climbing in Nepal involve high altitude and can be strenuous. A simple headache, fever, loss of appetite or stomach disorders can happen before the acclimatization. Altitude sickness, if not treated when symptoms first appear, can lead to death. Often known as AMS or Acute Mountain Sickness, it can ruin a Treks and Climbings and should be treated very seriously.
The Himalayan Mountains begin where other mountain ranges end. As altitude increases, especially above 3,000 meters, the air becomes thinner, creating certain difficulties for the human body. Youth, strength, and fitness make no difference here. The only prevention is to give ones body time to adjust to high altitude. Those who go too high too fast are liable to be victims of Acute Mountain Sickness. To minimize its threat, we recommend following this advice:
01. Drink adequate fluids. At 4,300 meters, for example, the body requires 3 to 4 liters of liquid a day. At low altitudes try to drink at least 1 liter a day.
02. Accept the fact that you cannot go very high if your time is short.
03. Learn to recognize the symptoms of AMS: a headache, nausea, loss of appetite, sleeplessness, fluid retention and/or swelling of the body. The cure is to climb no higher until the symptoms have disappeared.
04. Do not expect everyone in your group to acclimatize at the same rate. If you experience such discomforts, tell the accompanying Best Nepal Trekking facilitators immediately.
05. For the sake of safety, if the trek leader deems it necessary to ask a participant who is suffering from AMS to descend, he will have the authority to do so even though it may go against the will of that participant.
People and Religions of Nepal
Nepalese people are mainly divided into two distinct groups, the Indo-Aryans and the Mangoloids. Since 2008AD, Nepal has been declared a secular country. The Hindu Temples and Buddhist Shrines are scattered all over the Kingdom. Nepal is the birthplace of Lord Buddha, Herald of Peace, The Light of Asia. Hindus, Buddhists, Muslims, and Christians live together in harmony. And other nature worshippers, too, exist here.
Ethnic diversity and custom of Nepal make Nepal the most fascinating tourist destination in the world. Official statistics indicate that the Nepali population of around 35 million includes more than 90 ethnic groups speaking 100 different languages and dialects.
History of Nepal
Nepal has witnessed many rulers and dynasties play contributing roles in molding Nepal to present day’s Modern Nepal. Karin's ruled Nepal from 9th century BC to 1st century AD Later Lichchhavis took over Karin from 3rd to 13th century and then were followed by Thakuri belonging to Malla dynasty.
Then Shah Dynasty held the reign. Prithvi Narayan Shah is solely responsible for today’s modern day Nepal for he is the one who united different kingdoms into one single nation in 1769. In 1846, the Kot massacre led by Jung Bahadur Rana back seated the power of the monarchy and made Rana regime more powerful. In 1950 Tribhuvan with the support from India restored monarchy.
A coalition government comprising the Nepali Congress party and the Ranas was thereafter installed with the promise of free elections in 1952. In 1960, Mahindra, son of Tribhuvan tactically established Panchayat system, meaning ‘five councils system,' by engineering a coup, declaring a new constitution, imprisoning all the leaders of the then government and enforcing a ban on all political activities.
People’s movement of 1990 opened up a new chapter for a decade of democracy in Nepal which led to multiparty democracy with a constitutional monarchy. Democracy came with heavy price leading to incompetent political leaders, political conflicts, Maoist insurgency, corruptions and downfall in the national economy. Royal family massacre in 2001 left the whole world in complete shock. Gyanendra was crowned Nepal’s king after his brother, Birendra’s assassination.
With the advent of 2006, all major political parties committed to reform their past mistakes and Maoist rebels came together with the support from Nepali people and jointly went on several days strikes to restore democracy. Finally, Gyanendra Shah handed over the political power to Nepali people and democracy was once again restored in Nepal. Then Maoists has been the biggest political party of Nepal 2008 election. Nepal recently(September 2015) declared the new constitution for the country.
Shopping in Nepal
In the major cities of Nepal, like Kathmandu, Patan, Bhaktapur, Pokhara, you will find well-resourced shopping malls. From clothes, shoes, accessories, sportswear, electronic goods, cosmetics, food and decoration items to kitchen wares you can purchase any goods. In Nepal shopping of both local and imported goods are possible. Most shops and clothing stores have fixed price tagged along with their goods.
But in the case of small shops, you can bargain the prices for purchasing goods. While shopping in Nepal it is advisable to carry Nepali currency in cash as most of the shops only accept cash. In Kathmandu, Thamel, New-road, and Durbar-Marg are the most popular Shopping centers.
What Foods You Will Expect In Nepal
Kathmandu is a paradise for food lovers. Besides Nepali food, Nepal restaurants here serve varieties of hygienic delicacies from Indian, Chinese, Tibetan, Japanese, Italian, Australian, Russian, Korean, Mexican, Thai etc to continental at the remarkably reasonable price. If you desire to lead a Nepali lifestyle during your stay in Nepal, then there are also some restaurants serving pure Nepali cuisine (Dal Bhat) which comprises of steamed rice, lentil soup and varieties of vegetable/non-vegetable curries.
Thamel, the tourist hub of Kathmandu, is well known for many excellent restaurants, cafés, and pubs. Pokhara also has numerous restaurants that serve every kind of delicacies complementing your taste. The foods in the mountains (trekking routes) also fresh, hygienic and delicious.
Travel Insurance For Traveling in Nepal
Travel insurance is not included in the trip price. It is essential that you take out comprehensive travel insurance prior to your trek. Your travel insurance must provide cover against personal accident, medical expenses, emergency evacuation (including helicopter rescue) and personal liability. We also recommend that it cover trip cancellation and loss of luggage and personal effects.
Hotels in Nepal
Nepal offers a wide range of accommodation, from 5-star luxury hotels to budget-priced guesthouses. Top hotel in Nepal gives you high-quality services. Whatever your requirements are, Nepal hotels can meet them all.
Best Nepal Trekking P(LTD), is always recommend the best Hotels in Nepal for your holidays.