Arrival in Kathmandu, meet our company representative and transfer to the hotel in Kathmandu.
Limi Valley Trek is one of the very remote treks, but really adventurous and it is starting from Simikot (Far western Nepal) then continue climbs up to Nara La pass (4530 m) to Hilsa that is near the Tibet border.
The road enters Limi valley making a loop back to Simikot through panoramic Nyalu La pass(4940m). The Trans Himalayan Limi valley is very lovely, picturesque and lovely. Seeing the monasteries that are over centuries old and experience the unique culture of the Tibetans still in practice.
Trek around this area will be a lifetime experience to see the spectacular mountain views of far western Nepal Himalayas as Saipal (7031m)I, Api Himal and Tibet Himalayas as sacred Mt. Kailash and Gurlamandhata. You can also observe the rare flora and fauna. It may be seen that the marmots, wolf, blue sheep, wild horses (kyang), barking deer, musk deer, Himalayan black bear, and the snow leopards.
This hard but rewarding trek gives the opportunity to satisfy the friendly villagers of top Humla. While coming back cross Nyalu La pass and the trail re-joins the route in Salli Khola and keeps the same way straight back to Simikot.
Arrival in Kathmandu, meet our company representative and transfer to the hotel in Kathmandu.
Preparation of the trek permits and fly to Nepalgunj in the afternoon. Nepalgunj lies in south-western part of Nepal, on the Terai plains, close to the Indian border.
Early morning flight to Simikot which will takes 45 minute flight over steep mountain ridges. Acclimatization day and Wander around the village. Simikot is a small town and headquarter of the Humla district. Rest in the afternoon. Camping overnight.
The trek starts with a short/steep climb of about an hour to a little pass. After the pass it comes a long and steep decent to Dharapuri. The trail goes high above the Karnali River, partly through pine forests, passing a few villages. Along the way, you meet local people, carrying the things. Camping overnight.
The trail keeps on following the Karnali River, sometimes high on the slope, with the river far below you and sometimes almost level with it. We walk along fields with mainly barley, buckwheat, rice and potatoes. Just before Kermi village, we will camp with a beautiful view over the mountains.
The trail is slightly uphill, passing alongside fields and pine forests. After few hours walking cross a small pass, and steep descend of to Salli khola. The walk goes through beautiful pine forests again. We climb a while before getting to Yalbang. Camping overnight by the school. visit the Monastery above the village; the Namkha Khyung Dzong Monastery. This is the biggest monastery in the region, with around 100 monks living there.
Today the trail goes high above the Karnali River. After about 20 minutes you pass the little village Yangar. The trail is mostly going up and down. You cross the Karnali River by a big wooden suspension bridge. The path climbs high above the Karnali River and goes along the upper site of a deep gorge, you arrive in the beautiful village of Muchu. It is an hour walk to Tumkot where we camp overnight. Visit the very interesting monastery of the Sakyapa sect, the Dhungkar Choezom Monastery, one of the most important Sakya monasteries in the Tibetan region.The monastery lies on a hill, it is a 30 minutes climb to get there. It is the only Sakya Monastery in Humla, and one of the few monasteries of this sect in Nepal.
The trail climbs steadily, with a few steep climbings. Soon as leaving Tumkot, the landscape is getting more and more rocky and dry. The few low juniper trees and few sticky bushes. For a while the trail goes over the dirt road that has been built to join to Tibet border. we cross a small village Pani Palwang and take a lunch break. Then walk along the dirt road up to Thado Dunga, camping overnight.
Today we start walking very early cross over the Nara La pass at 4530m. It is a long steep climb, the landscape looks more and more like Tibet. also we meet big caravans of mules, dzopkeys or yaks coming over the pass. We can see the Nara La pass in the distance, but due to the altitude it is still a hard climb to get there. We can see breathtaking views ahead into Tibet and back towards Yari far below . At the other side of the pass, it looks like you are in Tibet. You are surrounded by barren mountains in many different colors. From the pass comes a long descent to Hilsa, close to the border with Tibet. Camp overnight at Hilsa.
Once we leave Hilsa, crossing a suspension bridge. At the other side of the river, a small, a slightly difficult trail winds its way over a slope, until it connects with a larger trail high on the slope. We get 100meter close to the chinese immigration buildings. This trail follows the Karnali River in eastern direction up till Manepeme. The path climbs gradually with a few steep ups and downs. We walk in a dramatic landscape, where is a small flat area close to the trail and close to a water source and camp overnight.
The trail climbs on and winds its way through the high, steep rocks. The path climbs very steeply for about half an hour to Lamka La, a pass at 4300m. After the pass, easy walk down to Til. We see some white buildings attached high to a slope. This is the monastery from Til with some retreat houses next to it.The village is surrounded by himalayan red birches and terraced fields, which both are bright yellow in September-October. Til is a beautiful authentic Tibetan village, as are all villages in the Limi Valley. Most villagers still wear the original Tibetan dress. We camp at a down below Til vilage, next to the river.
Today is an easy walking to Halji village, following the trail upstream of Limi river crossing the wooden bridges. Once we reach at the campsite below the village, visit the monastery and wander around in the villages. In Halji the monastery, Rinchenling Gompa, is in the village built in the 14th Century and belongs to the Kagyugpa Sect. This is the biggest gompa in the Limi Valley.
Today is also an easy walk from Halji to Jang, following the Limi river. Jang is the last village in the Limi Valley and, as with the other villages, It's very special place where the Tibetan culture still continues relatively untouched by the modern world. We camp near the village.
The trail goes up slowly but steadily up to Talung.Today we see only few yak herds on the way.
Today it's a very tough, but rewarding climb to the highest point during the trek, the Nyalu La. There can be snow, which makes the climb more challenging. From the pass we can see breathtaking 360 degrees views into Humla and into Tibet. We can see the holy Mt. Kailash (6714m)in Tibet and Mt. Saipal (7031 m) and the many more mountains. From the pass it is a steep downwill walk to the lake Selma Tso at 4630m. The trail continues going down, following the Salli Khola, to the campsite at Shinjungma. Overnight camping.
We will meet the villages and walk back to Kermi village. It's a pleasant walk through pine and birch forests and along the beautiful Salli Khola. The trail meets the Karnali river again and turns east towards Kermi village. overnight Camping.
It's a long day walk to Simikot today. We will take the same way getting back throughup and downs. Overnight Camping or Hotel.
Early morning flight back to Nepalgunj then we fly same day back to Kathmandu.
We will transfer you to the international airport for your departure flight back to home.
Nepal Entry Visa Procedures
Foreigners who intend to visit Nepal must hold a valid Passport (6 months) or any travel documents equivalent to a passport issued by the government for visiting a foreign country.
You can obtain the Nepal visa upon arrival at Tribhuvan international airport, Kathmandu. And you can apply for the Nepal visa online now. The application for the tourist visa has to be filled and submitted through this link of Nepal Immigration, www.online.nepalimmigration.gov.np/tourist-visa.
Please bring the printed copy and show them at the immigration in Kathmandu with the visa fees and 2 copies of passport-sized photos. US$ 25 or equivalent foreign currency for 15 days multiple entry visa, US$ 40 or equivalent foreign currency for 30 days multiple entry visas. We suggest you take cash in hand. If you haven’t applied for the online visa then a visa form will be provided during your flight to Nepal.
Note: Free Visa for Chinese citizens including HKSAR Passport holders.
Nepal Trekking Season’s
The two most pleasant seasons for trekking in Nepal are spring and autumn. The spring season is considered to be March to May. During the spring months, flowers are in bloom in the forests so it can be quite beautiful though it can also be a bit cloudy, especially in the afternoon.
The Autumn season is considered from September through November. In autumn season you will get the best mountain views, with clear skies usually all day long. The fall season is slightly cooler with average temperatures.
December is also generally the driest month of the year. Trekking in Nepal is possible at any time of the year. It is worth remembering that we will get 75 percent of annual rainfall from mid-June through August. This period is considered the monsoon season.
Winter in Nepal is considered December through February. These months are the coldest in temperatures depending on where you are. At higher altitudes in the Himalayas temperatures will drop below freezing and it can be extremely cold at night.
A Typical Day of the Trekking
The trekking day begins early at around 6.30 AM in the morning with a cup of wake up tea. Before breakfast, pack your duffel bag which is carried by porters by keeping some essential things in your daypack. After breakfast, we are usually starting a good morning walk. After 3-4 hrs walking, we stop for lunch. Allowing about 1 - 2 hours for lunch break then we continue the walk to the destination where we stay overnight.
We reach the teahouse/camp by afternoon, as the afternoon walk is generally shorter than the morning. Check-in the room and having afternoon tea, side trips, or other activities are generally organized. You can spend the afternoon as you wish then meet for dinner around 7 PM and sleep.
Geography of Nepal
Nepal covers a land area of 147,181SQKM, stretching 800 km from east to west and 90 to 230 km from north to south. Nepal is land-locked between China (including the Chinese autonomous region of Tibet) and India. Nepal has three geographic regions; the mountainous Himalayan belt (including 8 of the 14 highest mountain peaks in the world), the hill region, and the plains region.
Nepal contains the greatest altitude variation on earth, from the lowland Terai, at almost sea-level to Mount Everest at 8848 meters. Nepal is divided into seven states and seventy-seven districts. Where the high Himalayas occupy 16% of the total land area of Nepal with elevation ranging from 4,000 m to above 8,848 m.
This region accommodates eight of the highest peaks in the world; Mt. Everest (8848m), Kanchenjunga (8586m), Lhotse (8516m), Cho-Oyu (8201m), Dhaulagiri (8167m), Makalu (8463m), Manaslu (8163m), and Annapurna I (8091m).
Currency in Nepal
Nepali Rupee notes come in Rupees 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500, 1000 denominations. Coins come in Rs. 1 and 2 denominations. Foreign currencies must be exchanged only through banks or authorized money exchangers. Banks are usually open from 09.30 am to 3:00 pm Sundays through Thursdays and from 10.00 am to 1:00 pm on Fridays. Saturdays are closed.
Credit Cards: All major cards are accepted for tourist services. There is usually a 4% mark-up on top of the price.
Effects of Global Warming & Climate Change
Nepal is one of the most vulnerable countries in South Asia to climate change, yet it has limited capacity to address the impacts of climate change or to take advantage of the opportunities. It has a highly variable climate and fragile ecosystems. The Himalayan glaciers are retreating faster than any other major body of ice.
With climate change, climate variability, a driver of poverty in a country where 60% of the population is reliant on agriculture, will only increase. The monsoon rains are already more intense, but of shorter duration, and are arriving later, which has a devastating impact on the rice fields.
The Greater Himalaya region is the water tower of Asia. Nepal sits at a strategic point, in the headwaters of the Ganges basin. 500 million people live in this basin, which is one of the most flood-prone in the world. Currently, Nepal's Himalayan Rivers supply 70% of the dry season water in the Ganges and 30% of the peak floodwaters.
Nepal's potential for hydropower is 100 times its existing energy use. The current development of rivers is sub-optimal, focusing solely on hydro rather than also storing water in the summer to use for irrigation during the rest of the year and reduce flooding.
Clothing in Nepal
From April to the end of September, it is warm in Kathmandu. In Nepal clothing for traveling purposes should be comfortable and lightweight. You can also wear longer shorts provided that it is weather-friendly.
In the months of October to the end of March, days are usually warm and evenings are cool. Put on your summer clothes during the daytime but in the evening and night, it is advisable to carry a light jacket.
The Winter season starts from December to February. One must be equipped with sufficient winter wears like down jackets, sweaters, trousers, etc to stay protected from the cold. In accordance with Nepali weather, you can have your clothes well-packed in your luggage or you can also purchase clothes of your choice and needs from the clothing stores in Kathmandu.
Health Issues Regarding Altitude Sickness
Those in good health should have no difficulty traveling to Nepal. But people with health conditions including asthma, diabetes, high blood pressure, epilepsy, and cardiac problems should seek a doctor’s approval before planning a trip to Nepal.
Trekking and Climbing in Nepal involve high altitude and can be strenuous. A simple headache, fever, loss of appetite, or stomach disorders can happen before acclimatization. Altitude sickness, if not treated when symptoms first appear, can lead to death. Often known as AMS or Acute Mountain Sickness, it can ruin a Treks and Climbings and should be treated very seriously.
The Himalayan Mountains begin where other mountain ranges end. As altitude increases, especially above 3,000 meters, the air becomes thinner, creating certain difficulties for the human body. Youth, strength, and fitness make no difference here.
The only prevention is to give one's body time to adjust to high altitudes. Those who go too high too fast are liable to be victims of Acute Mountain Sickness. To minimize its threat, we recommend following this advice:
01. Drink adequate fluids. At 4,300 meters, for example, the body requires 3 to 4 liters of liquid a day. At low altitudes try to drink at least 1 liter a day.
02. Accept the fact that you cannot go very high if your time is short.
03. Learn to recognize the symptoms of AMS: a headache, nausea, loss of appetite, sleeplessness, fluid retention, and/or swelling of the body. The cure is to climb no higher until the symptoms have disappeared.
04. Do not expect everyone in your group to acclimatize at the same rate. If you experience such discomforts, tell the accompanying Best Nepal Trekking facilitators immediately.
05. For the sake of safety, if the trek leader deems it necessary to ask a participant who is suffering from AMS to descend, he will have the authority to do so even though it may go against the will of that participant.
People and Religions of Nepal
Nepalese people are mainly divided into two distinct groups, the Indo-Aryans and the Mangoloids. Since 2008AD, Nepal has been declared a secular country. The Hindu Temples and Buddhist Shrines are scattered all over the Kingdom. Nepal is the birthplace of Lord Buddha, Herald of Peace, The Light of Asia. Hindus, Buddhists, Muslims, and Christians live together in harmony. And other nature worshippers, too, exist here.
The ethnic diversity and customs of Nepal make Nepal the most fascinating tourist destination in the world. Official statistics indicate that the Nepali population of around 35 million includes more than 90 ethnic groups speaking 100 different languages and dialects.
History of Nepal
Nepal has witnessed many rulers and dynasties play contributing roles in molding Nepal to the present day’s Modern Nepal. Karin's ruled Nepal from 9th century BC to 1st century AD Later Lichchhavis took over Karin from the 3rd to 13th century and then were followed by Thakuri belonging to Malla dynasty.
Then the Shah Dynasty held the reign. Prithvi Narayan Shah is solely responsible for today’s modern-day Nepal for he is the one who united different kingdoms into one single nation in 1769. In 1846, the Kot massacre led by Jung Bahadur Rana back seated the power of the monarchy and made the Rana regime more powerful. In 1950 Tribhuvan with the support from India restored monarchy.
A coalition government comprising the Nepali congress party and the Ranas was thereafter installed with the promise of free elections in 1952. In 1960, Mahindra, son of Tribhuvan tactically established the Panchayat system, meaning ‘five councils system,' by engineering a coup, declaring a new constitution, imprisoning all the leaders of the then government, and enforcing a ban on all political activities.
People’s movement of 1990 opened up a new chapter for a decade of democracy in Nepal which led to multiparty democracy with a constitutional monarchy. Democracy came with a heavy price leading to incompetent political leaders, political conflicts, Maoist insurgency, corruption, and downfall in the national economy.
The royal family massacre in 2001 left the whole world in complete shock. Gyanendra was crowned Nepal’s king after his brother, Birendra’s assassination. With the advent of 2006, all major political parties committed to reform their past mistakes and Maoist rebels came together with the support from Nepali people and jointly went on several days of strikes to restore democracy. Finally, Gyanendra Shah handed over the political power to the Nepali people, and democracy was once again restored in Nepal. Then Maoists has been the biggest political party of Nepal 2008 election. Nepal recently(September 2015) declared the new constitution for the country.
Shopping in Nepal
In the major cities of Nepal, like Kathmandu, Patan, Bhaktapur, Pokhara, you will find well resourced shopping malls. From clothes, shoes, accessories, sportswear, electronic goods, cosmetics, food, and decoration items to kitchen wares you can purchase any goods. In Nepal shopping for both local and imported goods are possible. Most shops and clothing stores have fixed prices tagged along with their goods.
But in the case of small shops, you can bargain the prices for purchasing goods. While shopping in Nepal it is advisable to carry Nepali currency in cash as most of the shops only accept cash. In Kathmandu, Thamel, New-road, and Durbar-Marg are the most popular Shopping centers.
What Foods You Will Expect In Nepal
Kathmandu is a paradise for food lovers. Besides Nepali food, Nepal restaurants here serve varieties of hygienic delicacies from Indian, Chinese, Tibetan, Japanese, Italian, Australian, Russian, Korean, Mexican, Thai, etc to continental at a remarkably reasonable price. If you desire to lead a Nepali lifestyle during your stay in Nepal, then there are also some restaurants serving pure Nepali cuisine (Dal Bhat) which comprises steamed rice, lentil soup, and varieties of vegetables/non-vegetable curries.
Thamel, the tourist hub of Kathmandu, is well known for many excellent restaurants, cafés, and pubs. Pokhara also has numerous restaurants that serve every kind of delicacies complementing your taste. The foods in the mountains (trekking routes) also fresh, hygienic, and delicious.
Travel Insurance For Traveling in Nepal
Travel insurance is not included in the trip price. It is essential that you take out comprehensive travel insurance prior to your trek. Your travel insurance must provide cover against personal accident, medical expenses, emergency evacuation (including helicopter rescue), and personal liability. We also recommend that it cover trip cancellation and loss of luggage and personal effects.
Hotels in Nepal
Nepal offers a wide range of accommodation, from 5-star luxury hotels to budget-priced guesthouses. Top hotel in Nepal gives you high-quality services. Whatever your requirements are, Nepal hotels can meet them all.
Best Nepal Trekking P(LTD), is always recommend the best Hotels in Nepal for your holidays.